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Especially in non-urbanized areas there is a need to use various waste products, e.g. from agriculture, households, etc. New products that are created in a simple way should be able to be used many times without the use of complicated and expensive technology.

This article presents the potential of biochar used in wastewater treatment processes and sludge management in small installations - for the maximum maintained number of users equal to 50. The possibilities of two substances used in sewage management processes, such as char and biochar will be presented. These substances, produced from pyrolysis, are stable carbon-rich compounds which have various beneficial applications like soil conditioning, remediation and wastewater treatment. In particular, biochar originating from wastewater sludge pyrolysis, possible to be generated at the place of formation, was taken into account. In addition, ways to increase the reliability of the treatment plant with biochar based filters are described.

Attention was paid to the various applications of biochar and its effectiveness in the above-mentioned processes, for various pollutants, typical ones and for more demanding installations (high-efficient treatment), among others:

-           study of biochar filters as a replacement or complement for mineral filters for removal of pharmaceutically active compounds from wastewater in onsite wastewater treatment plants (OWTP’s). Results from the works of biodegradation, adsorption and a combination of these processes on the removal of pharmaceutically active compounds wastewater in biochar filters will be presented. worked under typical for onsite wastewater treatment plants conditions e.g. infiltration beds. Various variants of tested installations will be presented (with different forms of biochar and on various medium)

-           study of char and biochar use for different heavy metals after being filtered through biochar and char filters.

-           study of different forms of biochar, derived from natural, easily accessible sources, which can be easily reused in the environment as a fertilizer or biocompost, for example from: sludge from onsite wastewater treatment plants, Miscanthus, rice husks and wood chips, which differ in composition, porosity, active surface, sorption potential, and finally in the effectiveness of retaining various contamination.


biochar wastewater treatment wastewater sludge non-urbanized areas

Article Details

Author Biographies

PhD. Eng. Mazurkiewicz Jakub, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Institute of Biosystems Engineering

PhD. Eng. Mazurkiewicz Jakub has studied environmental engineering at the University of Life Sciences, Poland and at the Humboldt University in Berlin (2003-2004), Germany. He did his doctoral degree at the Poznan University of Technology, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Poland. His main research activity is management and treatment of leachate and wastewater from fermentation, composting and sewage treatment processes, and the techno-economic analysis. Investment expert in modern sewage treatment plants. In the last two years he was the manager of 3 R&D&I projects in the field of environmental engineering.

PhD. Eng. Damian Janczak, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Institute of Biosystems Engineering

PhD. Eng. Damian Janczak : In 2010, I graduated from the Poznań University of Life Sciences, field of study: agricultural and forest technique, MSc thesis entitled "Efficiency of management technology of digestate waste from biogas plants."

In 2014 I completed PhD studies at the Poznan University of Life Sciences and defended my doctoral dissertation "Technology of biogas production using selected waste materials from vegetables production and processing". My scientific interests are as follows:

-management of waste materials from agri-food processing,

-methane fermentation process,

-composting of organic waste, etc.

PhD. Eng. Dawid Wojcieszak, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Institute of Biosystems Engineering

PhD. Eng. Dawid Wojcieszak is an associate professor in Institute of Biosystems Engineering Poznań University of Life Sciences. The main subject of scientific activity is technology of corn stover harvest for energy production. The main subject of scientific activity is technology of corn stover harvest for energy production and conversion process of corn stover. The newest aim of the studies is selective harvest of corn stover harvest.

PhD. Eng. Sebastian Kujawiak, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Department of Hydraulic and Sanitary Engineering

PhD. Eng. Sebastian Kujawiak: Graduate of the University of Environmental and Life Sciences in Poznan, field of study in Environmental Engineering in 2012. Ph D. eng., assistant in the Department of Water and Sanitary Engineering, University of Life Sciences in Poznan.

Specialization: water and wastewater treatment technology, air lift pumps.

Author of several scientific publications, contractor of research projects.

PhD. Eng. Przemysław Zakrzewski, Poznan University Of Technology, Institute of Computing Science

Przemysław Zakrzewski recived his Ph.D. from the Poznan University of Technology at Faculty of Computing Science and Management at field of Automation and Robotics in year 2005. The title of his dissertation is „Algorithms for integrated control of the wastewater treatment process using activated sludge”. Since 1996 he is working at Institute of Computing Science at the Poznan University of Technology. His research area is the control, modelling and optimization of wastewater treatment processes and water distribution systems. Recently he is involved in design and implementation of control systems using the Industrial Internet of Things architecture

How to Cite


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